-

11 IOCOI 172.4
.. COB ^
1 epac icy oeo ee iHem repo opo aioaoo yiepcey ioo axcy pa- (4epxacn)
1-11 1 1 -1
. Bceio poaaiya coci coo , a ao poo ai a ^o-oi pepi eioci epaoo ^ i cyic oio opai epe ocioy peocpyi ae opai a oi cyacx a acx icopo-iococx cypcax. i. icoo a ociooo occe i oaex ipi ae oi a opai acocoyc eo icopo peocpyi, epee a coiao-paceea eo, oo ao ay o occe ax poe cyacoo aapa oio a opao ^-coi a poy ae a opai pi py iAe cycio yo, cpaeoci a coo-. . acocoai OTani eoooii p yo cope ayaoo a cooi (epeyci cyepex, oex oaiap i eae cyepe a-yi, ix peai) apiay oio e. oeeo, o poo opao-ex pi, x ocioe opa e e oia, a ycia poaa, cpooi ca a aai paa-x iepeci ooai, 1, i ^^ ie aaoo aa, axa epeao e cycii, a yo opopai iepec. cpa cooa a cpaeic pyyc a aeo'y ^ab a oo'i, oai o , o e icoi a oeie pycoe x a. Peocpyoao e -e aci, ae oii iococi apye opc oea opai, e a oi. poaai-oao poy . Tyeaa po cyic opai, ocoo opao cce, a ocoi p opyya opax op cyaci iocoi. 'coao, o aaax cyacoo pooo co^a- opai p oca i opao-poeypi, i aepiai, a eoxie -a opae cae e e o cox, ae o yx aae aaoaoci a ecic a ^^^. . Occe oea opai a oi epe oce opoicy oypyx -i a ex cpaei e ico poyo cpao, a e o paoo epa, 1 paa eia pepeeye e iepec poa, a e co aci iepec a aa. oo cypcy cycm-1' yo, o ec ^o eoxiic opoici a paxya iiyax ex ai, a po poey eioci a a eoxix yioya yiepcax pi cpae-oci a oip.
oi : erara, oia, paa , irnepec, cpaeic, ca iic, oo'o.

CaHe ocio ayaiye poe- aeoioc oi a opai, a ae aao pioaix acneR^. Ba- cepeA rmx e eyoo acne ^-c. Cae na oy aooye io ie ioco Opi oe ao coe aco poo i noi-xa. Ocoi oei i npoe npao ^^: poo ocaix poi oeo cocepia cepocay co- cii yay ^^ ao na opai, cycnica a noi. pa peaii-ai npao iocoi OTony^e Mc ao poyi poe ao6-poo cnpaeoo ococi a
noii cepax, a ao npoe opa-o-paax a cnpaeoo no-ioo ay [1, 7]. onraAy na a o-oe 1 oci oeo e pa npaa npopoi coa oo O. oe npo e, o cnpaeic -oa poaca ecoa ( pix pax - nepcoaoo ao oaoo) -e ne ^ocro npxa noaa, a aca-a, yaeaa yoa cycnioo , poec a peoi ne e aa ciic ocai, ae yaya ooai -oci opaoo - cpae-oci. cnioo iepecy a acoaa aei oipi oa onoo-e (pae a - ^mpa^)
i ! , i -i i. - , i ! !-i i . i i , ii (. , . , . , . , . ), ^ i ! ! ! ii, ! , i i , ! , ! - . - ^ , ii , ^! i -i i i i -i i -! .
1
ii - i-i ii ^ i - ! , - i- -, ^! ! ^ i i ! ! , .
1
ii i ' - ! i i - i i ! (i -, i , i -i) ^! . ^ , , , i i
, [2, 11]. ooi ooi ^! oi, i - oi, i oi -! . . - '1' ioio iio oo'i, - , ^ - ( - ii '1' , ) , - [3, 337].
^! ' i, ' - oi, ooi i i , - , ! oio , , - i iii ii ooi, i, , ii, - ooi i. -oii i ^!, i oi -! . : -, I. , ioo, io ? ooi , ! io - , , i. i - , i -i !
. , - - ii, - , ii i , -! i, ! , i .
! i i ! i, , iii - i ! i, I - ! i , ii i , - i i '! i.
, ! i , , - - i i . i -i i ^! - ( i !! ii) . i ! ii, iii - -i. !, i -! - i . - ; ', -, ? , , i, . , , ! !'! ! , -
i io - , .
! ioo ].' oi, - io. i - - - io, i - i , i . - i- i , i i oi , " oooi ^" ooi iooi . , , i i i ! ooi i 1 , i ii ! [4, 236]. , - , , oi oiii ! ooi - . , - i oi ii i -i, ^! i- ^ ! ... ! io i 1 - i i [4, 224].
, , i -! oioi - -i . i -i i-i, i ! i . , , i i - ii io. oi -,
oy aei - piope epaoo ococico-npaa.
IAe cniioe aa ocococi i aa epa, cnpaeoci OTCTe-aoai a paioaioai noax pcoe, 1 ayc Ka ei npo eco. pcoe nponoye nor o-pao ocococi, a e noao o-paoci cycnica. He raye aax npa nex opex 1. Ha-ic 1 eco, caa opa-ic ocococi, aie npaa. Mo-paa ococic opieoaa Ma opai , oa ococic ece ^-epi eco co6. Mopa npae ao oo aa, ae e 1 cee. 1 yae cniya noi opa ocococ, e ooe ooy ocoaa cee epe oci cycnio aoci, oa poa-cx oo'i. ^ e pc-oe apeco x poy iea-oo eopaoo cyra^o^a, oy oa ococic ycioe acy 1-noiaic a opaic ooo -, cra^ nipy opya -cooopao epa.
ic pyai aco ao eo-pai a yope icoo-popax oapxi, apao iac cnpoaic eo-coiax ye. Bo pie iye Aa 1 epa, o po ao oe-e peaiai ocococi cycnii Aioci. iocoi Hooo acy -o Aa, acaAx ooacooo oi-oo npoey, anp poyi o-pao nppoA . o H. Maiaei a T. oc xo 1 noc-yay npo coopey nppoAy , a e o a pyo eoco, o T. Mop a .. Pycco aa nppoAy nepo Aopo, yaico.
He yAe nepeie cepAya, o cae Maiaei noaec eoxa ooo noioo ce. eyoo iao a noaoo oy ce^i e ca- O. oe, Ae aooyec a poi o-poci Maiaei poyi oio
^^ Hooo acy, ocooce yae ae opai a noi, a npnoi iioci yae oa-eo npoe pcoe a Maiaei [5, 1134-1135]. opoci ocaoo no-1 Aya npae iAOpec 1 ap e a peii, opcoy ^ cneiai npeAey AOCAe-. Maiaei anoaoye ao opy- oia no, a ayec npni aooi noi 1 eram a e ie oo ^o^cy, aA H. yay opa ay Aeopaa oAepy. pa opax ioce oo acy npea ao poxoAe 1 , o e o peao ), i , o noo , a oeci opax 1-oce - 1 Aic a ae. Cae e poxoAe i cao acoo ooo po- noix peai a 1 a op-ao ay noioo peaiy. e npn Maiaei copya ^ npaA cnpri pee a-, o e, o AOoe npae, o axoe epe aAy, ay ao iACyna 1 Aopa i opco-ya x, xoA 1 ope [6, 345]. Maiaei nepe ipo a, o npae oe oc ax yoax, o ye ye opcoya e-oA opcoi ayai. Ecpeae o aae ecpeax axoAi, oy eoxiAo ^ yA-x onpoici, 1 a Maiaei eeneo 1-1. aa, o Aa caa o co6 e 1 Aopo, 1 noao, ae Ae cxa Ao , o noao. Bioio, npae e oe noaAac o-e 1, a oe npa AOiy-a 1 eaoo a 1 ioio Ao oo. oy e oc Aa cpa, a eoxio npoec axoA, o nApya CTpax Aepa. IAea- pae noe OAoaco ^- aay o a ce cpax - cae e Maae aae oo ecoa.
peACa eo-noo Hooo acy poAa erocra- coy a aa opa ^o-
! . , - , -. ii -, ^- ! ! -i . , - , ', !- ( i), - . - , - ( ). - , , i . , , - - [7, 118].
, - ii i ( - !). -i, - i - - - , . -!6 - . - : . 1 - , - ; - , ! ii ! i . i ii ', . !6 , . , ! i i, ! i. , !- ii. -
( oi) , - oi ( i-), ! ! .
oiii ! ii-oi - , . i , i ioo -oii oi , - , oi oi oi. oi i , i - Goi -oi, i [8, 474]. - - ii, i, i i, ', ' . - , - oi ii ioi ioi, i-i ! . ioi, ooi i ioo ' , , -i. i , oioi oi i, -i ii i , i . Bd -i , - , oi ! oi.
ioi i ( ^ -ioi '). i -! i ( -i) . - . i i, i, -i , i- -i i oi. , ,
1 e nepeoa cee e oo'oo ooo, a cpa, npopeca noa a opaa. He oe -^ oco6toto aA o 1 cycnoo -po - e a yo ocaoo pecny-a cae Arn^o Aeopao. Ta -o, ooo oy, acaAO cnpaeAoo oioo ycpo cyna eco, a ioo, e o no-oAepoy oe- Ae AAyay iee cycm-o yoA, Pycco aae Aepax 1-cyx yoy cnpaeAoo axcy npaoo epecy. poe aco npa oco Pycco e e, o oo eopi cycno yoA e 1 aaa oco poy cyaco Aeopao epa, Ae aAa ae e epai oapx, a apoAy. Boa npaya opy-ya ycAOe iio oee acoo eroi^y a coo apaA -o o ioci.
poAOe ^e paA axoAo Kama, aa, o oea AAa, epyec ac pa 1-, e oe eoxio, 6o nAop-ec aoy aco opc. Ka epa-ec AO AAa oo a ei aco eoc i oy a cee o- poAy. 1 aae: ... a, o aA cac ao ACa 1 co-1 oco6, oco6 yA-oo oo, AO e, o e cac ao moro 1 ao acoy [9, 270]. e e o opy-a aeopoo iepay, ao cae po e npo eco, a , poya coa, eocpye e coax, a ope-x ax noay ao aoy (acoo cAOo oye oo). Cy aeopoo nepay e , ao oo opeo noa npay, a oa no-a npay. T oaa ao opa-oo aoy MAae opaoc AC 1. Koa cycnc Aope ycAOe - opyye oa opa a- 1. a Aonooo ax eco cy, nepeoa, oo'o, iAc, a Kaa, oo noyAya o-pae cycnco ayoo. Mopa
cae apaie a cyo nepexoAy 1-11 1 apca nppoAo eoxAoc AO eeoo apca cooA.
oAO ox ococx apye a opc oea opa, e a no-1, o ope co cnoco po'a ^e npoe oo ep-ac nepeAyc ao opoc . Tyeaa. BAnoAa a ana npo e, oy yco nAnopAoya co noeAy, peo, coe otc-e opax op a ioce, TyeA-a cepAye, o opa - e a op-aa ccea, a npaea ao opa-o cno Aa o ae -cey aex cai, a neeoc, o 11 po e cae. Popoy Aa-1, TyeAa opeye co poy e npo e, o nepc poc crocy-ec ^ ocoo opa, a opai aao, e coo ocao. Ae opa - e aa opaa ccea, a pyyec ^ a acc a noapa-rax, a e ypo ao: oe e opao cno Aopoo ae ae yp ca [10, 15].
Cyac oco nponoy p -xoA ao npoe opyya opa-x op - OA ipy a, eae ao-o opyya e cye, a 11, ae-pac, cepAy, o oo e oc cxo- opyya coa. Ty-eAa e aae: o oopo ^o opyya op, o e ae cxo- a opyya 1, epe o-oac ocax. oo, cae ax apae npoc aco-e op opa npn, - Aopoo nAnopAoyec. Ko oopo npo o 11-Ayax, ae oex 1, o cae a opye x op peayeo oype npo. . Tyea, . Teop, aooye poo epcy'eoy xapaep opaoo : Mopa - oy-pe, 1, npo - paa c cec, o eae eeoci oy, o 11 ( opao cno) o-
i ix [10, 16]. - , . - i i (, , ), -i ii i. , -i. ii i, i i , i - i i i ix i , i '. , i i i ' ix ' - .

, i i i i - i - ii, - :!, '' , -i , i , -i i, . i - i i , : i i . i ix ii - i ix i - i - i xii i i -i. - -, i ( i ) ii. i '1', -, , - -i i, ii -i.
ii i ix i, 2014, . 5.
, (i - ) - i, -, i , i . , - , ': i , -i, ii . - i -' ', i , i - ix -.
i ': ii , , (i i - ' ^) xi i . , - ii i 1- i , ' , -ii iix , i- xix - ix i i. i ' - i i , - , - - . ' ii -i ix i- , i
:
1. Hoeffe O.Ethik und Politik. Grundmodelle und - probleme der praktischen Philosophie. - Frankfurt/M., 1979.
2. . . - .,
2001.
3. Tugendhat E. Vorlesungen ber Ethik. -Frankfurt/M., 1993.
4. nnaiOH. rocygapcTBO. COH. B 3-X T. - M.,
1968-1972. - T.3. - H.1.
5. Hoeffe O. Drei Pioniere der Moderne. Machiavelli, Bacon, Hobbes // Merkur. Deutsche Zeitschrift fuer europaeisches Denken, Stuttgart, 2005, H.703, S.1134-1144.
6. MaKHaBennn H. rocygapb. - H36p.coM. -M.,1982.
1 *
A.B.YCOB 1
1 ^epKaccKHH HHcTHTyT noxapHoft 6e3onacHOcTH HMeHH repoeB ^epHo6tma Haoatoo yHHBepcuTeia rpaxgaHCKOH 3a-mHTti YKpaHHti ("HepKaccti)
7. ro66c T. HeBHa^aH. 6p. npou3B. - M.,
1964. - T.2.
8. Pycco HcnoBegb. - H36p.coM. -M.,1961.- T.3.
9. KaHT H. OCHOBM MeTa$H3HKH HpaBoB. -COH.: B 6 T. - M., 1965. - T.4.
10. Tugendhat E. Das Problem einer autonomen Moral // Ernst Tugendhats Ethik. Einwaende und Erwiderungen. - Mnchen, 2006. - S. 13-31.
-
. , - . . , - , , . . ( , , ) . , - , , , , , , , . , , , . , , . . , , . , -, , , . . , , , . , .
: , , , , , ,
.
ICTOPM ornocoori
1 *
D.V. USOV 1
1 Cherkassy institute of fire safety (Cherkassy)
HISTORICAL-PHILOSOPHICAL COMPONENTS OF POLICY AND MORALITY RELATIONS
The aim. To analyze comprehensively the policy as a way of human being, as well as the important today's criteria of legitimacy of the government and the nature of political morality through a consistent reconstruction of the relations between morality and politics in the contemporary and classic historical and philosophical discourses. Methodology. The methods of historical reconstruction, hermeneutic, social and transcendental ones, which allowed to involve actively into understanding the important problems of modern life, conceptual apparatus of political and moral philosophy and to explore the relationships between politics and morality through the idea of social agreement, justice and freedom are used for coherent and consistent understanding of the measurements and definitions of relations policy and morality. Scientific novelty. The used in the article methodological principles made it possible to create actual for today (especially for controversial burdened by totalitarian past and uncertain future of a controversial, local realities) version of political ethics. It is proved that the development of moral and ethical principles, their consistent adherence by not only politicians, but by all the citizens are able to hinder the pragmatic interests of statesmen, who, under cover of the idea of the common good, protect primarily not the public but narrow corporate interests. A true freedom and justice based on the relationship of rights and duties, respect for them, which is more significant than conventional or compulsory recognition of them. Not only classic but also modern philosophical arguments for the combination of morality, ethics and politics were reconstructed. The thoughts of E. Tuhendhat about the nature of morality as a special regulatory system, and the basic principles of justification of moral standards in a modern philosophy were analyzed. It is shown that the landscape of contemporary crisis of social being, moral principles appear both as formal and proce-durally - material ones, but the necessary for politicians mental attitude not only to their close, but also to other people requires the willingness to be honest and open. Conclusions. The understanding of the ways of combining the morality and politics through the achievements of a compromise of completive views and life strategies is essential for the development of real, but not apparent "legal state" in which the ruling authority represents not the interests of citizens, but only their own interests and goods. Concerning the public discourse of social agreement, it goes about the need for compromise and consideration of individual life plans, and the problem of legitimacy of power and necessary for the operation of universal principles of sense of justice and trust.
Keywords: ethics, politics, human rights, interest, justice, human dignity and responsibility.
REFERENCES
1. Hoeffe O. Ethik und Politik. Grundmodelle und - probleme der praktischen Philosophie. -
Frankfurt/M., 1979.
2. Raz J. Moralni zasady svobody [The Morality of Freedom]. Kyiv, 2001.
3. Tugendhat E. Vorlesungen ber Ethik. - Frankfurt/M., 1993.
4. Plato. Gosudarstvo [The Republic] (Vols. 3). Moscow, 1968-1972
5. Hoeffe O. Drei Pioniere der Moderne. Machiavelli, Bacon, Hobbes // Merkur. Deutsche Zeitschrift fuer
europaeisches Denken, Stuttgart, 2005, H.703, S.1134-1144.
6. Machiavelli N. Gosudar [The Prince]. Izbr. soch. - Selected works. Moscow, 1982.
7. Hobbes T. Leviafan [Leviathan]. Izbr. soch. - Selected works (Vols. 2). Moscow, 1964.
8. Rousseau J.-J. Ispoved [Confessions] - Izbr. soch. - Selected works (Vols. 3). Moscow, 1961.
9. Kant I. Osnovy metafiziki nravov [Metaphysics of Morals] - Works (Vols. 4), Moscow, 1965.
10. Tugendhat E. Das Problem einer autonomen Moral // Ernst Tugendhats Ethik. Einwaende und
Erwiderungen. - Mnchen, 2006. - S. 13-31.
YCOB fl. B., 2014