619:616.995.121.3

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UDC 619:616.995.121.3
EPIZOOTIC FAUNA ANALYSIS OF CATTLE WORMS IN MOUNTAIN AREA OF CHECHEN REPUBLIC
Shakhbiev Khassan Khamidovich Cand.Vet.Sci., associate professor
Shakhbiev Islam Khasanovich applicant for degree
Mantaeva Seda Shiruevna Cand.Biol.Sci.
Chechen State University, Grozniy, Russia
Bittirova Asiyat Anatolievna student
Kalabekov Mutalif Ibrahimovic Dr.Sci.Vet., professor
Bittirov Anatoly Murashevich Dr. Sci.Biol., professor
Kabardino-Balkarian State Agricultural University named after Kokov V.M., Nalchik, Russia
Rekhviashvili Eteri Illarionovna Dr.Sci.Biol., professor
Gorsky State Agrarian University
Godizov Peter Kharitonovich Dr.Sci.Vet., professor
North Ossetian state university named after K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Russia
In the mountainous area of Chechnya cattle population infected with 27 types of bio - and geo worms, including 11 kinds of pp Thichostrpnogylus, Ostertagia, Nematodirus and Bunostomum identified for the first time. In the low zone (altitude 1000 - 1500 m) we determined 23; in the medium (1600 - 2500 m) - 27; in the alpine zone (2500 - 3500 m) - 18 species of worms, because of abiotic and biotic conditions of the region
Keywords: CHECHEN REPUBLIC, MOUNTAIN ZONE, DST, LIVESTOCK, WILDLIFE, WORMS, ECOLOGY, EXTENSIVE, INTENSIVE, INVASION
(1000 - 3500 . ) , -
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2010-2012 350 , . ( 1 , 1 2 2 ) , , . . 10-24 , 10-24 1 2 10-24 . 750-850 .
4850 . , . , . -
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- . .. . Statistica .
( 1000 - 1500 ... ) 23 , : Fasciola hepatica ( - 48, 3 %, - 59, 8 ./. ) D. lanceatum ( - 70,6%, - 270,6 ./.).
Monie-zia expansa ( - 12,4%, - 9,5 ./.). E. granulosus ( - 38,7%, - 57,6 ./.) ( 1).
1 - ( 1000 - 1500 ... -
) ( 27 )
,% , ./
min max
1. Fasciola hepatica 48,3 12 118 59,8
2. Dicrocoelium lanceatum 70,6 37 2162 270,6
3. Moniezia expansa 12,4 2 14 9,5
4. Echinococcus granulosus 38,7 5 128 57,6
5. Cysticercus bovis 17,3 3 74 41,5
6. Dictyocaulus viviparus 22,8 5 46 24,7
7. Nematodirus spathiger 88,2 12 393 252,4
8. Trichostrongylus columbriformis 79,7 9 422 241,8
9. Ostertagia ostertagi 100 36 1068 490,3
10. Ostertagia circumcinta 86,2 54 1502 639,8
11. Ostertagia trifurcata 34,6 21 473 186,0
12. Ostertagia oceidentalis 12,3 9 81 29,6
13. Oesophagostomum radiatum 77,5 16 127 43,2
14. Oesophagastomum columbianum 64,3 35 304 96,4
15. Trichostrougylus axei 82,6 40 572 325,8
16. Capillaria bovis 7,2 3 21 6,3
17. Bunostomum phlebotomum 83,7 18 494 306,2
18. Bunostomum trigonocephalum 69,2 13 262 189,0
19. Hemonchus placei 66,9 41 485 318,4
20. Strongyloides papillosus 14,8 11 136 43,4
21. Onchocerca lienalis 5,2 3 19 5,8
22. Thelazia rhodesi 8,6 3 12 4,2
23. Marchallagia marchalli 31,5 21 238 116,0
: - ;
Min - ;
Max - ;
M - ;
(15 ) Nematoda. Onchocerca lienalis ( - 5,2%, - 5,8 ./.). Thelazia thodesi 8,6% - 4,2 ./. 13 . : Dictyocaulus vivipa-rus 22,8% - 24,7 ./.; Capillaria bovis - ( - 7,2%, - 6,3 ./.), Tricho-cephalus ovis 63,2% -562,0 ./. (10 ) . ( 1000 - 1500 ... ) - . Ostertagia ostertagi - 100% - 490,3 ./; O. circumcinta ( - 86,2%, - 639,8 ./.); Namatodirus spathiger ( - 88,2%,
- 252,4 ./.); Trichostrongylus columbriformis ( - 79,7%, - 241,8 ./.); Trichostrongulus axei ( - 82,6%, - 325,8 ./.).
Oesophagastomum radiatum 77,5% - 43,2 ./., Os. olumbianum - 64,3% - 96,4 ./.; Bunostomum phlebotomum 83,7% - 306,2 ./.; B. trigonocephalum 69,2% 189,0 ./. Ostertagia trifurcata ( -34,6%, - 1S6 ./.), O. oceidentalis ( - 12,3%, - 29,6 ./.), .
, F. hpatica, D. lanca-tum, E. granulosus - . , , 7-20 . , , Hemonchus placei. (=66,9%, 41 4S5 ./.). - , ( - 52,1%, - 94,8 ./.). , ( 1000 - 1500 ... ) 5 , F. hepatica, D. lanceatum, E. granulosus, - (15 ), D. viviparus, M. expansa, C. bovis, .
( 1600 - 2500 ... ) 27 , , Strongylata
(Railliet et Henry, 1913). 6,7-70,0% 2-14322 ./ ( 2).
( 1600 - 2500 ... ) F.hepatica L., 175S; D. lanceatum Stilles et Hassall, 1S96; P.cervi Zeder, 1990; M. expansa Rud., 1S10; M. benedeni Moniez, 1S79; E. granulosus Batsch, 17S9, Rud., 1S01; T. hydatigena Pallas, 1766; B. trigonocephalum Rud., 1S0S; B. phlebotomum Railliet, 1900; Oes. radiatum Rud., 1S03; Oes. venulosum Rud., 1S09; T. axei Cob-bold, 1S79; T. colubriformis Giles, 1S29; T. skgabini Kalantagan, 192S; T.vitrinus Looss, 1905; O. circumcincta Stadelman, 1S94; O. occidentalis Ransom, 1907; O.ostertagi Stiles, 1S92; H. placei Rud., 1S03; C. oncophora Railliet, 1S9S; C.punctata Linstow, 1906; N.filicollis Rud., 1S02; N.helvetianus May, 1920; N.oiratianus Raievskaia, 1929; N. spathiger Railliet, 1S96; D. viviparus Cobbold, 1S7S; P. hobmaeri Orl. et Kut, 1933; T.skriabini Boskakow, 1924.
2 - ( 1600 - 2000 ... -
) ( 120 )
n/n - 120
- , % , ./
1 2 3 5 6
1. F.hepatica L., 1758 40 33,3 3-96
2. D.lanceatum Stiles et Hassall, 1896 72 60,0 38-14322
3. P.cervi Zeder, 1990 28 23,3 18-89
4. M. expansa Rud., 1810 31 25,8 1-5
5. M. benedeni Moniez, 1879 14 11,7 1-3
6. E. granulosus Batsch, 1789, Rud., 1801 36 30,0 2-13
7. T. hydatigena (larvae) Pallas, 1766 10 8,3 2-6
8. B. trigonocephalum Rud., 1808 62 51,7 9-233
9 B. phlebotomum Railliet, 1900 77 64,2 6-417
10. Oes. radiatum Rud., 1803 42 35,0 4-196
11. Oes. venulosum Rud., 1809 23 19,2 2-115
12. T. axei Cobbold, 1879 12 10,0 4-208
13. T. colubriformis Giles, 1829 44 36,7 4-126
14. T. skrjabini Kalantarjan, 1928 6 5,0 2-40
15. T.vitrinus Looss, 1905 18 15,0 3-69
16. O. circumcincta Stadelman, 1894 84 70,0 16-4288
17. O. occidentalis Ransom, 1907 36 30,0 10-320
18. O.ostertagi Stilles, 1892 69 57,5 57-1943
19. H. placei Rud., 1803 75 62,5 38-2866
20. C.oncophora Railliet, 1898 20 16,7 4-23
21. C.punctata Linstow, 1906 12 10,0 5-18
22. N.filicollis Rud., 1802 30 25,0 32-293
23. N.helvetianus May, 1920 62 51,7 48-1857
24. N.oiratianus Rajevskaja, 1929 36 30,0 26-1142
25. N.spathiger Railliet, 1896 80 66,7 57-3790
26. D. viviparus Cobbold, 1878 32 26,7 8-46
27. P. hobmaeri Sch., Orl. et Kut, 1933 27 22,5 4-31
( 1600 - 2500 ... ) D. lanceatum, M. expansa, E. granulosus, O. circumcincta, O.ostertagi, H. placei, B. ebotomum, B. trigonocephalum, N.spathiger, N.helvetianus, Oes. radiatum,
T. colubriformis -30,0 -70,0%, - 1-14322 ./. P.cervi Zeder, 1990; T. hydatigena (larvae) Pallas, 1766; T. skriabini Kalantaqan, 192S; T.vitrinus Looss, 1905; C. oncophora Railliet, 1S9S; C.punctata Linstow, 1906; N.filicollis Rud., 1S02; P. hobmaeri Sch., Orl. et Kut, 1933 ( - 5,0-23,3%, - 2-40 ./.).
( 2100 - 3500 ... ) 1S ( 3).
5,0-52,0% - 1-9743 ./. F.hepatica L., 175S; D. lanceatum Stiles et Hassall, 1S96; M. benedeni Moniez, 1S79; E. granulosus (larvae) Batsch, 17S9, Rud., 1S01; T. hydatigena (larvae) Pallas, 1766; B. trigonocephalum Rud., 1S0S; B. phlebotomum Railliet, 1900; Oes. radiatum Rud., 1S03; Oes. venulosum Rud., 1S09; T. colubriformis Giles, 1S29; O. circumcincta Stadelman, 1S94; O.ostertagi Stiles, 1S92; H. placei Rud., 1S03; N.helvetianus May, 1920; N.oiratianus Raievskaia, 1929; N. spathiger Railliet, 1S96; D. viviparus Cobbold, 1S7S; P. Hobmaeri, Orl. et Kut, 1933, , .
Strongylata Railliet et Henry, 1913 B. trigonocephalum Rud., 1S0S; B. phlebotomum Railliet, 1900; Oes. radiatum Rud., 1S03; Oes. venulosum Rud., 1S09; O.ostertagi Stiles, 1S92; H. placei Rud., 1S03; N. helvetianus May, 1920; N. spathiger Railliet, 1S96.
- M. benedeni Moniez, 1S79. D. lanceatum, F.hepatica, E. granulosus, O. circumcincta, O.ostertagi, H. placei, B. phlebotomum, B. trigonocephalum, N.spathiger, N.helvetianus, Oes. radiatum, T. colubriformis -23,0-52,0% %, - 1-9743 ./.
3 - ( 2100 - 3500 ... ) (
100 )
n/n - 100
- , % , ./
1. F. hepatica L., 1758 22 22,0 4-5S
2. D. lanceatum Stilles et Hassall, 1896 46 46,0 35-9743
3. M. benedeni Moniez, 1879 10 10,0 1-3
4. E. granulosus Batsch, 1789, Rud., 1801 25 25,0 1-10
5. T. hydatigena (larvae) Pallas, 1766 6 6,0 2-4
6. B. trigonocephalum Rud., 1808 40 40,0 13-157
7. B. phlebotomum Railliet, 1900 49 49,0 7-2SS
S. Oes. radiatum Rud., 1803 26 26,0 3-107
9 Oes. venulosum Rud., 1809 17 17,0 5-S3
10. T. colubriformis Giles, 1829 2S 28,0 3-71
11. O. circumcincta Stadelman, 1894 46 46,0 11-1534
12. O.ostertagi Stiles, 1892 31 31,0 29-1072
13. H. placei Rud., 1803 40 40,0 13-715
14. N. helvetianus May, 1920 37 37,0 25-1093
15. N. oiratianus Rajevskaja, 1929 23 23,0 14-S60
16. N. spathiger Railliet, 1896 52 52,0 33-163S
17. D. viviparus Cobbold, 1878 17 17,0 4-30
1S. P. hobmaeri Sch., Orl. et Kut, 1933 13 13,0 2-19
1500 ... 14 , - 9 . 1500 ... 48,2%, 4-216 ./.
- 0,639,7%, - 7-253 ./. , 1500
... , - D. lanceatum, F. hepatica, E. granulosus, B. trigonocephalum, B. phlebotomum, N. spathiger, N. helvetianus, N. oiratia-nus ( - 20,3-54,7%, - 6-294 ./).
, ( 1000 - 1500 ... ) 23, (1600 - 2500 .) - 27, (2500 - 3500 .) - 1S . Fasci-ola hepatica ( - 4S, 3 %, - 59,8 ./); D. lanceatum (70,6% 270,6 .); E.granulosus (38,7% 57,6 .); Ostertagia ostertagi (100% 490,3 .); Namatodirus spathiger (88,2% 252,4 .); Trichostrongylus columbri-formis (79,7% 241,8 .); Trichostrongulus axei (82,6% 325,8 ./.).
5,0-70,0% 2-14322 ./; - 5,0-52,0% 1-9743 ./. D. lanceatum, F.hepatica, E. granulosus, O. cir-cumcincta, O.ostertagi, H. placei, B. phlebotomum, B. trigonocephalum, N.spathiger, N.helvetianus, Oes. radiatum, T. colubriformis.

1. .., .., .. . // . . -. . , 70- . .. . - . - 2011. - . 301-303.
2. .., .., .., .. . / . - . - . 2007. 200 . - 26.
3. .., .. , Echinococcus granulosus Batsch, 1789. // -. . - . - 2011. - . 298-299.
4. .., .., .., .. . // - . .. . - - . - 2010. 41.
References
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