( )

82 -
ї

:

159.9
..
PETRENKO V.F.
..
( )
METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HISTORICAL PSYCHOLOGY (SEARCHING FOR A PARADIGM)

, (ї) , , , .., , ї.
: ; ; ї; ї; ї;
Abstract
The author bases himself on the idea that knowledge is not a calque (reflection) of reality but is formed by the person on the basis of his/ her experience of interaction with the world, and depends on the persons motivation, language of description, operational tools and so on, that is ultimately determined by social environment, individual qualities of the person and his/ her mentality.
Keywords: knowledge; constructivism; living world; plurality of truth; mentality; personal constructs.
, , , big history (. , . , .. , . , .. )? big history , , .
, , , , , .
, , , . , (
83
..
. ( )

), ї (. ) ї (. ), , , - , . -, .
( . , 1998), . , ; ; .
, , , , , . , . (2003), -
, . (2003), , - , , ї . , , , .
, , . , (, . ), .. (1972), .. (2001), .. - (1994). , , , , , . , - , ї, , . [16]. ,
84 -
ї

:

, , . : , 1991 , , , , . . .
, , , , . , , - , , , , , , , .
, ? , ї, , . , , -
. . , , ї, ї, ї. , , , , , . - .. : , , , . , ї [1]. , . ( ) . , , , , , , .
, ї
85
Y ..
. ( )

. , , . (1998), , () .
( , ї) ї - ї, , [15].
ї, , , . ( , , -), .. ї, ї, ї, , - , - - , , , .. , ї [ , . 9].
. , , . , , , -
ї [ , . 10]. ї ....ї [ , . 19].
, -- , , , .
-- , - .. - ... - , , , , . , , , ї [6, . 21].
, , - , ; , -
86 -
ї

:

- , , , - ї (, 1999, . 84). , , , , ї (. , ).
. [5, . 9]: - , ї. : , , , ( ) ; , , , - , ... , , , , , , ї (, 1960, . 174),
(. , . ), (. , . , . , . ). : -
- - , . , , , , , , , , ... -
, , . , ї (, 2004, . 7).
.. , - . ї, .. , ( ). 20- (. , , .. , .. ), , (.. , .. , . , . , . ) : , , ....ї, - ( -
87
Y ..
. ( )

), , . ( ї) ї , ї. , - , , .
, , , ( ) ї . , . , . . (1940) - , ,
, , ї (, 1980) ( , 1966). .. (1972) , , , () .
, , : - ( , , , . (. , 1960); , , ( ї (. , , 1994), , , ї ( - ); , , , , , ( - , ) [14].
, , -
88 -
ї

:

. (1955, 2000).
, , - ї, , , [7]. , , (, 1983, 1997; , , 1997; , 1983, 2002) , - ( ) , , . , .
- , ї , , . , (. , - . , 2002), (. , 2002), , , . -
. , . .
ї ї -ї , , . , . .
. , , - -
89
..
. ( )

. - . , ( , , - , ) , . [13]. , ( ) . . ( ), , . , , ( ) ( .. ) . , , . ,
, , . , , - , - . , ( ), ї. , , , , ( ). .. - . ( ) , ( ) , , . ї, - - , () . ,
90 -
ї

:

- (, - . , 2001).
, , , . . , - , , . , , . , , , - , ; , , , , , , .
ї, ,
.
- ( ) .
, , ї ( , , , , , ). . , .. , , . X. , , , (, , ..), ї ( 1971, . 154). .. , .. .
- , , , -
91
..
. . ( )

, . . - ( ) - , , , , , (.. , , ( ) , , ). ( , , ) , , , . , (- , ) , . , , ї (, 2004, , 2003, , 2004, , , -, 1998) , , (, 1993, Andresen, 2000). , , ї , ї, .
:
1. .. // . . 2005. . 2, 1 . 44-65.
2. . . .: -, , 1998. 198 .
3. .. . . , 2004. 304 .
4. ., . . ., 1994. 272 .
5. . . ., , 1984. 400
6. .. . --, 2000. 320 .
7. . . . .: , 2000. 248 .
8. .., .., - .. : // . 1998. 3. . 70-78.
9. ., . . , , . .: ї ., 2004. 603 c.
10. .. . ., 2001. 239 .
11. .. // . , 2001.
12. .. : . ., 1983. 176 .
13. .. . ., 1997. 398 .
14. .. // . - 3, 2002. - . 113-121.
15. .. . ., 1997. 712 .
16. . . .: , 1991. 736 .
17. Andresen J. Meditation meets behavioural medicine: the story of experimental research on meditation // cognitive models and spiritual maps, bowling green, USA, 2000.
18. Kelly J. The psychology of personal constructs. N.Y., Norton and company, 1995.
19. Stehr N. Knowledge societies. L. Sage, 1994.
92 -
ї


References
1. Allakhverdov V.M. Blesk i nischeta em-piricheskoy psikhologii // Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vyisshey shkolyi ekonomiki. [The Splendor and Misery of Empirical Psychology / Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics]. 1. 2005. pp. 44-65.
2. Bergson A. Tvorcheskaya evolyutsiya [Creative Evolution]. M.: KANON-press, Kuchkovo pole, 1998.198 p.
3. Grimak L.P. Tayny gipnoza. Sovremen-nyiy vzglyad [Secrets of Hypnosis. Modern View]. SPb: Piter, 2004. 304 p.
4. Grinder D., Bendler R. Formirovanie transa [The Formation of Trance]. M., 1994. 272 p.
5. Gumboldt V. Izbrannyie trudyi po yaz-yikoznaniyu [Selected Works on Linguistics]. M.: Progress, 1984. 400 p.
6. Kasavin I.T. Traditsii i interpretat-sii [Traditions and Interpretations]. Sankt-Piterburg, 2000. 320 p.
7. Kelli Dzh. Teoriya lichnosti. Psikhologi-ya lichnostnyh konstruktov [The Theory of Personality. The Psychology of Personal Constructs.]. SPb.: Rech, 2000. 248 p.
8. Kucherenko V.V., Petrenko V.F., Rossohin A.V. Izmenennye sostoyaniya soznaniya: Psikhologicheskiy analiz // Voprosyi psi-hologii [Altered States of Consciousness: a Psychological Analysis // Problems of Psychology]. 3. 1998. p. 70.
9. Maykov V., Kozlov V. Transpersonal-naya psikhologiya. Istoki, istoriya, sovremennoe sostoyanie [Transpersonal Psychology. Origins, History, Modern Condition]. M.: OOO Izdatelstvo ASTї i dr., 2004. 603 p.
10. Nazaretyan A.P. Tsivilizatsionnyie krizisyi v kontekste universalnoy istorii [Civilization Crises within the Context of Universal History]. M., 2001. 239 p.
11. Nepeyvoda N.N. Intuitivizm // Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya [Intuition-ism // New Philosophical Encyclopedia]. M., 2001. pp. 112-118.
12. Petrenko V.F. Vvedenie v eksperimen-talnuyu psikhosemantiku: issledovanie form reprezentatsii v obyidennom soznanii [Introduction to Experimental Psychosemantics: A Study of Forms of Representation in Ordinary Consciousness]. M., 1983. 176 p.
13. Petrenko V.F. Osnovy psikhosemantiki [Fundamentals of Psychosemantics]. M.,
1997. 398 p.
14. Petrenko V.F. Konstruktivistskaya par-adigma v psikhologicheskoy nauke // Psikhologicheskiy Zhurnal [The Constructivist Paradigm in Psychological Science // Psychological Journal]. 3. 2002. pp. 113-121.
15. Rubinshteyn S.L. Chelovek i mir [Man and the World]. M., 1997. 712 p.
16. Toynbi A. Postizhenie Istorii [The study of History]. M.: Progress, 1991. 736 p.
17. Andresen J. Meditation Meets Behavioural Medicine: the Story of Experimental Research on Meditation // Cognitive Models and Spiritual Maps, Bowling Green, USA, 2000.
18. Kelly J. The psychology of Personal Constructs. N.Y., Norton and Company, 1995.
19. Stehr N. Knowledge Societies. L. Sage, 1994.
:
,
, , - , .. ; .. . , 1, . , 119991, ;
E-mail: victor-petrenko@mail.ru
ABOUTTHEAUTHOR:
Viktor F. Petrenko,
Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences; Head of the laboratory of psychology of communication and psychosemantics of the faculty of psychology of Lomonosov Moscow State University; Lomonosov Moscow State University 1, Leninskie goryi St.,Moscow, 119991, Russia; E-mail: victor-petrenko@mail.ru