- 200 128
.., .. (, . -)

90- . , . . - , . (, 1968; , , 1988). . . . . . , .
90- . . . 1-2 . . , , . , , , . , : , , . , , .
, , , , . . .
, , .
, - 1987 1995 . , , .
.


, . . , , . , , . , , , , .. , . ( , ), ( ).
, " Decapoda " (1979), :
N. = S.C. / sq,
1 11
N. - i- ; S. - i- , ; C. - ; s - ; q - .
, :
s = vat,
v - , a - , t - .
, , , , . , - , -
645
- .
. . , , . , , , . -, , (, , ). , . -, (, , 1988). , . , , , , , . , , , , ( ) . , . ( -).
. (, 1978; , , 1979; , , 1986), - (, 1980). . , , . . ,
- 0,75 (..., 1979);
- 0,18, - - 0,34; : -0,23, - 0,15, "" ( ) - 0,2 (, 1988); - 0,22 (, 1980) 0,25 (, 1987). , - , , . , , , . , - 0,75, -
646
. Lithodidae, , . , , , . 4 . , , - . , , . , , , . , , , , . , ( , , ). , , , , .
, , , . , , 100 %.

- , . , , . - , , -, . , . - . - , . , , , .. . - , . (, , , ) , . , , .
647
( ):
1 - (, , ), - 1,55 , - 0,7 ;
2 - (, ), - 1,0 , - 0,5 ;
3 - , - 2,1 , - 0,9 ;
4 - , - 1,75 , - 0,8 .
, (30-60 ) . . , , ( ).
, , , . - . , , . , . , . , : , , , - , ; . , .
.. (1991) . - - - . - - . , , . - - . . . , . 1987 . (, 1991). (. 1). ( -0,025). ,
648
, . , , . .
. 1. 1987 .
Fig. 1. Depth distribution of cat-ches-per-effort of commercial king crab males off Western Kamchayka
9 19 23 31 37 42 46 51 55 57 61 65 JuJy jg87
,
, , . . . , "" 1993 . , (. 2). -, . , -- 1993 . - 1994 . (. 3, 4). - , .. . . - .
. 2-3 , 1987 . ( 1 ) 6 , . , .
. , , . , . . , , , . . . . . . 5. , . , , . , . , 1-2- . 2 , , , . .. (1969) .. (1975). , , , . , , .
. 2. 1993 .
Fig. 2. Average daily cat-ches-per-effort of commercial blue king males near eastern Sakhalin in 1993

, - . , .
650
,
950 960 970 980 990 1000 1010 1020 1030 1040
,
. 3.
Fig. 3. Snow crab catches' dependence on atmosphere pressure changing
101 101.25 101.5 101.75 102 102.25 102.5 102.75 103 103.25
,
. 4.
Fig. 4. Golden king crab catches' dependence on atmosphere pressure changing
() . , . , . , ( , ) . , . . . ( ) (, 1976) , .

, , , , .. . , . . ( ) . -
651
. , 1 . , 10 , 20 ./. 200 , ( 19 ./.) 190 . . , . , . , . , 19911992 . 10 5 , . . , , . 1991 . 2,9 1,8 ./. , 1992 . 0,6 0,9 ./. (. 6) . 200 , , 3 5 , . , , . , .

- . . , . , , . "" 4 24 1995 . " " 3 23 . . 7 8. , (. 9). "Surfer". .
, , , . , . 2334 2. 1,0, . , .
652
, , . .
. 5.
Fig. 5. Catches value dependence of some commercial crab species on duration of trap stagnation
. 6. 1991 1992 .
Fig. 6. Dynamics of catches-per-effort of horsehair crab off the northern Kuril Isles in 1991 1992
51.00
50.50
50.00
49.50
49.00
48.50
48.00
47.50
47.00
46.50
46.00 141.00
51.00- /
1 50.50 (
( 50.00
/ 49.50 )
1 49.00- }
48.50
/ 48.00 /
( 47.50- (
) 47.00- 7
\ 46.50 1
ї * \
/ 46.00
. 7. (A) () , 1995 . (1' = 1,66 .)
Fig. 7. Scheme of the trap (A) and trawl () stations conducted in the Tatar Strait in 1995. Grade net is marked by decimal scale (1' = 1,66)
141.50 142.00
141.00 141.50 142.00
, , . , , , , . , (. 10). - () ( ). 15 . = Sp / 2d 77,8 , -19016 2.

. 8. 1995 . - () () . (1' = = 1,66 .)
Fig. 8. Distribution of commercial horsehair crab males in the Tatar Strait in 1995 according to the trap () and trawl () surveys. Grade net is marked by decimal scale (1' = 1,66)
. 9. - 1995 . () () . (1' = 1,66 .)
Fig. 9. Distribution of commercial horsehair crab males in southwestern Sakhalin in summer 1995 according to the trap () and trawl () surveys. Grade net is marked by decimal scale (1' = 1,66)
Calculation of both horsehair crab males' stock value and catching area of the traps in the southern Tatar Strait
, . , . , 2 . ,
3334,5 1538014 0 0 0 0 1 1 , 4, 0,6
* 3334,5 1538014 1,08 2334 1,0 77,8
** 3334,5 1538014 1,08 1406 1,0 46,9
* ( ).
** ( ).
- d - S1- Sp-

. 10.
Fig. 10. Theoretical square of the trap fishing
. , , , , , :
N. = / = S.C / s q ,
1 1 1 1 ^
N. 1- ; S1 1- , ; 1 ; ; st ; sp ; qt ; qp .
= ^ /
, , 1406 2, 46,9 (. ). 6896 2. , , . , . 9. , , , , . , - - . ,
656
. , , .
, , . . , . , , . , - (Miller, 1975) 36 , (Grendale, Bailey, 1982) - 69 . ( - ) .. .. (. .) 113 , - 0,04 2. , .
, , .

, . ( ) , . -, , . -, , , . -, .
, , . . , . , , , 10 % . , , . . , ,
657
. .
, , , , . , , , . , , , .

.. . .: . -, 1968. - 288 .
.. // . -. -
1975. - 3. - . 54-56.
.. . - .: . -,
1976. - 312 .
.. // . -. - 1978. - 3. - . 11-14.
.., .. // . - : , 1979. - . 40-49.
.. // . . - 1987. - 1. - . 24-28.
.., .. -2" // . - : - , 1986. - . 14-18.
.. Pandalus goniurus // : . . - : , 1980. - . 18-20.
.. // : . . - : , 1988. - . 41-42.
.. - // . -. - 1991. - 1. -. 39-42.
Decapoda . - : , 1979. - 59 .
.., .. // . .
.., .. - Pandalus borealis // . - .: , 1988. - . 45-70.
.. // . -. -1969. - 3. - . 43-45.
Grendale R., Bailey R.F.J. Resultants d'inventaires du crabe des golfe Sount-Laurent // Rapp. Tech. Can. Sci. Halieut. Aquat. - 1982. - 1099. - P. 40.
Miller R.J. Density of the commercial Spider crab, Chionoecetes opilio, and calibration of effective area fishered per trap using bottom photography // J. Fish. Res. Board Can. - 1975. - 32. - P. 761-768.